John Smith’s Brewery (John Smith Ltd) is a brewing company that traces its origins to the founding of the Backhouse & Hartley brewery in 1778 at Tadcaster in North Yorkshire, England. John Smith purchased the brewery in 1847. The company grew to be one of the largest regional brewers in the country, owning over 1800 outlets for their beer. The company was taken over by Courage in 1970 who extended distribution of the beer nationwide. Courage were taken over by Scottish & Newcastle in 1995, by which time John Smith’s was the highest selling ale brand in the country. S&N were taken over by Heineken in 2008.
Info gleaned from Wikipedia
1986 commercial for Courage Beer.
Courage & Co Ltd was started by John Courage at the Anchor Brewhouse in Horselydown, Bermondsey in 1787. It became Courage & Donaldson in 1797. By 1888, it had been registered simply as ‘Courage’. In 1955, the company merged with Barclay, Perkins & Co Ltd (who were located at the nearby Anchor Brewery) to become Courage, Barclay & Co Ltd. Only five years later, another merger with the Reading based Simonds’ Brewery led to the name changing to Courage, Barclay, Simonds & Co Ltd. This was simplified to Courage Ltd in October 1970 and the company was taken over by the Imperial Tobacco Group Ltd two years later.